金口未开:同治重宝“当十”雕母钱

收藏快报 19-12-11 19:17:22 中国集币在线

■安徽安庆 陈璟

  SUOWEI“DIAOMUQIAN”,JIZHIYISHOUGONGDIAOKEERCHUDE“MUQIAN”,YECHENGWEI“ZUQIAN”,TASHIGUDAIHUOBIZHUZAOZHONGZUIWEIGUANJIANDELIUCHENGCHANWU,YESHIHENGLIANGHUOBIZHUZAO,TEBIESHITONGQIANZHUZAOHAOHUAIDE“FENGXIANGBIAO”。ZAIHUOBIZHUZAOZHONG,XUYAOJINXINGDIYIBUDEJIUSHI“ZHIZUOQIANMO”,SHOUXIANYOUZHUANYEGONGJIANGYISHOUGONGDIAOZHIMUQIAN,BINGCHENGSONGZHONGYANGZHENGFUJINXINGSHENDING,ZAIYOUZHONGYANGZHENGFUBANFAJIDIFANGZHUBIJIGOUZHUMU,ZHUMUHUOZHIJIEYONGDIAOMUFANZHUSHUMEIMUQIANZUOWEIZHUZAOHUOBIDEMUQIAN,SUCHENG“ZHUMU”。BENWENJIULAIXINSHANGYIMEIQINGMUZONGTONGZHINIANJIAN(1862—1874)SUOZHUZAODE“TONGZHIZHONGBAO”DIAOMUQIAN(JIANTU)。

  此钱径3.3厘米,重14.8克,是首都博物馆所收藏的钱币类文物中的佼佼者。该钱较行用钱略大一些,铜质用料十分精良,雕工亦细腻,外缘平整无瑕,钱体厚重,轮廓标致,深峻有力,钱文纤劲,包浆温润。正面“同治重宝”四字寄郭,十字直读,楷书,类宋体,背面由上至下为汉文纪值“当十”二字,由左至右为满文“宝源”二字。与多数铜钱不同的是,此钱中间穿孔未完全凿穿,但仍留有一小圆孔,俗称“金口未开”。

  TONGZHI,SHIQINGMUZONGAIXINJUELUO·ZAICHUN(1856—1874)DENIANHAO,QIYIWEIDONGXILIANGGONGTAIHOULINCHAOTONGZHIZHIGU。TONGZHIDIYOUNIANJIWEI,DEYIYUGONGQINWANGYIXIN、CENGGUOFAN、LIHONGZHANGDENGMINGCHENFUZUO,CHUXIANLEQINGDAIHOUQISHAOYOUDEFUXINGSHIQI,SHICHENG“TONGZHIZHONGXING”。QIZHENGZHISHANG,CAIQUXIUZHENGNEIBUTONGZHIDEZHIXU,ZHIDING“SHIYIZHANGJIYIZHIYI”FANGXIANG,DAJUFAZHANYANGWUYUNDONG;JUNSHISHANG,SHOUBIANDIFANGWUZHUANGLILIANG,CHENGGONGPINGDINGTAIPINGTIANGUOZHILUAN;JINGJISHANG,DAFUDUJIANGDINONGCUNFUSHUI,GULIGENGZUOJIFAFANGLIANGZHONG,ANFURENMINDEFANKANGQINGXU;WENHUASHANG,DAXINGKEJU,LIYONGZENGJIAKAOSHIQULUMINGEYILONGLUORENCAI,WEIHUZISHENTONGZHI;WAIJIAOSHANG,YUWAIGUOLIEQIANGMOUQIUGONGTONGHEZUO,DALIANGGOURUWAIGUOJUNHUOWUZHUANG。

日照股票开户   MANQINGRUGUANHOU,WEIWENDINGGUOJIAZHENGQUAN,ZAIBIZHIFANGMIANQINGDAIYANXUQIANDAIDEZUOFA,KAISHIDALIANGZHUZAONIANHAOQIAN。ZAIZHUZAOGONGYIFANGMIAN,TONGYANGYANXULEQIANDAIDEZUOFA,SHIXINGFANSHAZHUBIDEGONGYI,GAIGONGYIXUYAOJINGGUOZHIZUOQIANMO、ZHIZUOFANXING、HEFANGUDING、JIAOZHUQIANBISIGEBUZHOU,YOUSONGYINGXINGSUOZHUANDE《TIANGONGKAIWU》,YISHIZHEIYISHIQIDEKEJIMINGZHU,SHUZHONGDUIFANSHAZHUBIYOUZHEXIANGXIDEJIZAI。

  BAOYUANJU,LISHUYUGONGBU,SHIMINGQINGLIANGDAIGUANFANGSHELIDEHUOBIJINRONGJIGOU,ZHUANSIQIANBIDEZHUZAO。QINGDAIYANXIMINGZHI,ZAIGONGBUHEHUBUFENBIESHELIBAOYUANJUHEBAOQUANJU,BINGZAIGESHENGSHELIDIFANGZHUJU。QINGKANGXILIUSHIYINIAN(1722)GUIDINGMEISHENGZHISHEYIJU,BINGTONGYIJIANGGESHENGJUDEMINGCHENGGUANYI“BAO”ZIWEISHOU,CIYONGGAISHENGYIZIRUZHEJIANGDECHENG“BAOZHEJU”。GESHENGSHELIDEZHUJUCUNFANGZENGJIANPINFAN,XIANHOUSHELIDEDUODASHUSHISUO。ZHIQINGGUANGXUNIANJIAN,JINCUNBEIJINGDEBAOYUAN、BAOQUANLIANGJU,WAISHENGZHUJUXIANGJITINGFEI。SUIGUANGXUSANSHIYINIAN(1905)BAOYUANJUBEICAICHE,TUICHULISHIDEWUTAI。

  YIBANRENWEI“JINKOUWEIKAI”DEDIAOMUQIAN,DUOBANWEIMEIYOUZHENGSHIQIYONGDEDIAOMUQIANZHIYI,YUANYINYOUDUOFANGMIANDE,ZHEILIJIUBUZUOSHENJIU。YOUYUCILEI“TONGZHIZHONGBAO”XINGYONGQIANCUNSHILIANGPANGDA,GUQIEKERENWEISHIYUANYOUDIAOMUQIANSHULIANGZAIYIMANZUZHUBITIAOJIAN,GUWEIBEIQIYONG,YIZHIYUYINWEIMOUZHONGYUANGUSUOYILIUXIALAI。JUQINGDAIQUANXUEJIABAOKANG《DAQIANTULU》JIZAI,GEQIANJUZAIMEICIKAILUZHUQIANSHI,XIANHUIQUJINGLIANHUANGTONGZHICHENGDIAOMU,ZAIYIDIAOMUFANZHURUOGANMUQIAN,ZUIHOUYONGMUQIANFANSHAZHULIUTONGQIAN,YINDIAOMUXISHOUGONGDIAOKEERCHENG,GUMEIYIMEIDOUYOUBUTONGZHICHU。DIAOMUZAIQIANBIZHUXINGLIUCHENGZHONGCHUYUSHIFENZHONGYAODEWEIZHI,YINQITESHUDEXINGZHI,JIASHANGQIANJUSHIYONGHOUWANGWANGCUNDANGRUKU,GUMINJIANLIUCHUANSHENXI,YINQIGONGYIDETESHUXING,SHIDIAOMUJUYOULIUTONGQIANWUFABINIDEYISHUGUANSHANGJIAZHIHEZHONGYAODEWENWUJIAZHI。

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