一代天骄,成吉思汗

中国金币网 19-09-05 11:15:59 中国集币在线

日照股票开户 1227NIAN8YUE25RI,CHENGJISIHANBINGSHI,XIANGSHOU65SUI。


成吉思汗是人类历史上备受争议的人物之一,一些人认为他是蒙古族最伟大的英雄,另一些人则认为他是冷酷无情的征服者,无论如何,他创立的蒙古帝国都在客观上将东西方连接起来,促进了贸易的繁荣和文化的融合,推动了世界文明的发展进程。美国应用物理学家、普林斯顿天文学博士麦可·哈特在《影响世界历史100位名人》中将成吉思汗排在第29位,这个排名高于亚历山大大帝、拿破仑和恺撒。是什么使成吉思汗如此成功?他的一生都经历了什么?本文将介绍这位名人的传奇人生,并与读者共赏与之相关的钱币

 

2002年蒙古“成吉思汗”纪念金币


生于忧难,起于结盟


CHENGJISIHANDEBENMINGSHITIEMUZHEN,TADEFUQINSHIQIYANBUBEIERZHIJINSHIDESHOULINGYESUGAI,MUQINSHIHONGJILABURENHEELUN。HEELUNZUICHUJIAJIMIEERQIBURENYEKECHILIEDOUWEIQI,HOUBEIYESUGAIJIEZOU,SHENGXIA4GEHAIZI。1162NIAN,YESUGAILVBUZUGONGDATATAERREN,QINHUOTATAERRENDEBUZUSHOULINGTIEMUZHENWUGE,KAIXUANGUILAIZHIJI,GANSHANGHEELUNCHANXIAYIZI。ANZHAODANGSHIMENGGURENDEXINYANG,RUGUOZAIZHUADAODIDUIBULUODEYONGSHISHI,GANSHANGYINGERCHUSHENG,ZHEIWEIYONGSHIDEYONGQIJIUHUIZHUANYIDAOYINGERSHENSHANG,GUERYESUGAIJIANGXINSHENGERMINGMINGWEI“TIEMUZHEN”。TIEMUZHENDECHUSHENGJIANZHENGLEMENGGUCAOYUANSHANGGEBULUOSIFENWULIE、HUXIANGGONGSHADEDONGDANGLISHI,ERZHEIZHONG配资公司 DEDONGDANGJIANGWEITIEMUZHENDEYISHENGLUOXIASHENSHENDEYINJI。


日照股票开户 ZAITIEMUZHEN9SUISHI,YESUGAIBEITATAERRENDUSHA,TIEMUZHENYIJIAXIANRUKUNJING,DANTAMENPINGJIEYONGQIHEYILI,ZHANSHENGLEDIRENDEZHUISHAHEDAOZEIDEJIELVE,JIANNANDITINGLEXIALAI。HOULAI,TIEMUZHENYIKAOKELIEBULUOSHOULINGWANGHANHEZHADALANBUSHOULINGZHAMUHE(TIEMUZHENDEYIXIONGDI)DEBANGZHU,SHOULONGLELISANDEBUZU,BINGJIBAILESUDI。1182NIAN,TIEMUZHENBEITUIJUCHENGWEIMENGGUQIYANBUDEKEHAN,ZHEIYINIAN,TAZHIYOU20SUI。


剿灭群雄,统一蒙古


CHENGWEIBUZUSHOULINGHOU,TIEMUZHENTIBALEXUDUOFEIGUIZUCHUSHENDERENWEIJIANGLING,DUIWUXUNSUZHUANGDA,YINQIYIXIONGDIZHAMUHEDEQIANGLIEBUMAN,LIANGRENZUIZHONGFENDAOYANGBIAO。1190NIAN,ZHAMUHEJIUJI13GEBULUOGONG3WANYUREN,XIANGTIEMUZHENFAQIJINGONG,TIEMUZHENYEDONGYUANLEBUZHONGSHISANYI(JI13GEBULUO)YINGJI,CONGERBAOFALEZHUMINGDE“SHISANYIZHIZHAN”。ZHEICHANGZHANYIZUIZHONGYITIEMUZHENDESHIBAIERGAOZHONG,DANYOUYUZHAMUHECHUZHIZHANFUDESHOUFACANRENKEBU,DASHIRENXIN,HENDUORENZHUANERTOUBENDUISHOUXIAKUANHOURENCIDETIEMUZHEN。


日照股票开户 SUIZHESHILIDEBUDUANZHUANGDA,TIEMUZHENKAISHIZHUDONGCHUJI,KAISHILETONGYIMENGGUZHILU。


1196NIAN,TIEMUZHENWEIBAOSHAFUZHICHOU,YUWANGHANXIANGYUE,ZHUJINGUOGONGDATATAERBU,DAHUOQUANSHENG。


日照股票开户 1201NIAN,ZHAMUHEBEI11GEBULUOTUIJUWEI“GUERHAN”,MOUXITIEMUZHENHEWANGHAN,ZAODAOSHIBAI。BUJIU,TIEMUZHENYOUDABAILEZHICHIZHAMUHEDETAICHIWUBU。


日照股票开户 1203NIAN,WANGHANJIHENTIEMUZHENJUEQIDESHILI,JIAZHIZHAMUHECONGZHONGTIAOBO,JUBINGGONGDATIEMUZHEN,DANZUIZHONGBAIYUTIEMUZHENDETOUXI,ZAIBAITAOZHONGYOUSIYUNAIMANRENZHISHOU。TIEMUZHENCHENGSHIZHENGFUNAIMANBU,DABAIMIEERQIBU。ZHAMUHEBEISHOUXIACHUMAI,XIANJITIEMUZHEN,ZAODAOCHUJUE,CAOYUANGEBULUOCONGCICHENFUYUTIEMUZHEN。


1206NIANCHUNTIAN,GEBULUOMENGGUGUIZUMENGONGTUITIEMUZHENWEI“CHENGJISIHAN”,MENGGUDIGUOJIUCICHENGLI。CHENGJISIHANBANBULE《CHENGJISIHANFADIAN》,JUCIJIANLILEYITAOYIGUIZUMINZHUWEIJICHUDEMENGGUGUIZUGONGHEZHENGTIZHIDU。

 

2008年哈萨克斯坦“成吉思汗”纪念银币


革新制度,征讨四方


日照股票开户 CHENGJISIHANJIANLIMENGGUDIGUOHOU,JIANGGEBULUOQUANBUBIANRUQIANHUTIXI,YIGONGBIANZHILE95GEQIANHU,QIANHUZHIXIAYOUYOUBAIHU、SHIHU,ZHEIZHONGSHIJINZHIDEBIANZHIDANWEIYOULIYUSHENGCHANGUANLIHEJIZHONGZUOZHAN,DAPOLEJIUYOUDEBULUOTIXI,JIANGMENGGUDEZIYUANJINXINGLEZHONGXINDEFENPEI,SHIMEIGEMENGGURENDOUYOUQUANFENXIANGSHENGLIDEGUOSHI,CONGERJIAQIANGLEMENGGUNEIBUDENINGJULI,YETIGAOLEQUANMINCANZHANDEREQING。MENGGURENBENLAIJIUSHITIANSHENGDEZHANSHI,TUANJIEZHIHOU,LIKEBAOFALEJINGRENDEPOHUAILI。ZAIGEGUOFAXINGDEJINIANBISHANG,MENGGUZHANSHIDEYONGWUXINGXIANGYUERANERCHU,BIAOHANNANDANG。

日照股票开户  

2010年刚果民主共和国“蒙古勇士”铜镀银纪念币


 

2000年蒙古“成吉思汗的军队”纪念金币


 

2017年纽埃“蒙古勇士”纪念银币


此外,成吉思汗还建立了分封制,将全国的领土分封给自己的亲属,号称“黄金家族”,规定只有黄金家族的成员才可继承可汗之号,此举标志了蒙古氏族制度的解体,使蒙古从氏族社会进入到国家时代。


日照股票开户 ZAIWANCHENGNEIBUZHENGHEHOU,HUANRANYIXINDEMENGGUDIGUOKAISHILEJINGRENDEZHENGFUZHILV。ZHANGQIYILAI,JINGUOZIJUMENGGUDE“SHANGGUO”,DUIMENGGUSHIXINGYAPOXUERUOZHENGCE,WEICI,CHENGJISIHANJUEDINGTAOFAJINGUO。DANZAIFADONGZHANZHENGZHIQIAN,BIXUXIANJIEJUEJINGUODEMENGYOUXIXIADEQIANZHI,YUSHI,MENGGUDAJUNZAI1205NIANZHI1209NIANJIANDUOCIRUQINXIXIA,BISHIXIXIACHENFU。1210NIAN,CHENGJISIHANDUANJUELEHEJINGUODECHAOGONGGUANXI。CINIAN,TAQINLVDAJUNRUQINJINGUO,ZAIYEHULINGHUIZHANZHONGJIBAISHUSHIWANJINJUN,MENGGUDAJUNZHANGQUZHIRU,ZAISUIHOUSHUNIANHENGSAOJINGUOLINGTU。


日照股票开户 RANER,1218NIAN,ZHENGDANGJINGUOBINYUBENGKUIZHIJI,ZHONGYAQIANGGUOHUALAZISHAHAIJIBAIMINGMENGGUSHANGREN,MOCHUNUCHENGJISIHAN。CHENGJISIHANXIANPAIDAJIANGZHEBIEMIEDIAOXILIAO,SAOPINGLETONGWANGXIYUDEDAOLU,ERHOUQINLVMENGGUDAJUNGONGDAHUALAZIMO,ZUIZHONGYU1221NIANJIANGQIXIAOMIE。ERZAIZHUIJIHUALAZIMOCANYUSHILIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,MENGGUDAJIANGZHEBIEHESUBUTAIYOURAOGUOLIHAI,ZHENGFULEXUDUOGUOJIA,BINGFENGZHIDIKELIMUBANDAO,ZUIZHONGYUCHENGJISIHANHUISHIDONGGUI。

 

1997年库克群岛“12世纪·成吉思汗征服亚洲”纪念银币


日照股票开户 CHENGJISIHANHAISHIHOU,ZAICIRUQINXIXIA,ZAIWEIKUNXIXIASHOUDOUQIJIAN,TATURANBINGSHI,SIYINZHONGSHUOFENYUN。DANMENGGUDIGUOBINGWEIYINCHENGJISIHANDEQUSHIERBENGKUI,MENGGUDIGUOZUIZHONGCHENGWEIYIGEHENGKUAOUYALIANGZHOUDEQUANQIUDIGUO,SHILISHISHANGLINJIEBANTUZUILIAOKUODEGUOJIA。

日照股票开户  

2014年蒙古“成吉思汗”纪念金币


后世的评价


CHENGJISIHANDEYISHENGZAIRONGMAZHENGZHANZHONGDUGUO,TADEGONGJIZHUYAOTIXIANZAIZHENGFULINGTU,ZHENGHEZIYUANSHANG。KEGUANLAIKAN,TAYOUJIDAGONGJI:QIYI,SHITONGYIMENGGU,SHIZHIZUOWEIDULIDEMINZUZHANGCUNXIALAI。QIER,TADEZHENGTUWEIYUANCHAODEJIANLIDIANDINGLEJICHU,DUIYUWOGUOGEMINZUDERONGHEHEZHONGGUORUJINDEBANTUGEJUJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。QISAN,TADAKAILEDONGXIFANGWENMINGJIAOWANGDETONGDAO,SHIDONGFANGDALIANGDEGEXINJISHUCHUANBODAOXIFANG,WEIZICHANJIEJIWENMINGDEDANSHENGDIANDINGLEZHONGYAODEWUZHIJICHU。XIANCUNDECHENGJISIHANJINBI,ZHENGMINGDANGSHIDEMENGGUDIGUOYIJINGDONGDEHUOBIDEZHONGYAOXING,JUBEICHENGWEI黄金配资 DAGUODEQIANZHI。

 

1221年在加兹尼(阿富汗东南部城市)铸造的成吉思汗金币


DANSHI,CHENGJISIHANYISHENGZHONGYEFANXIAGUOCUO:TAZAIYUANZHENGYAOUZHUGUO,SHIDALIANGDEGUOJIAHEBUZUZAIZHANZHENGDEROULINXIAXIAOSHI,DAPIANTUDIHUANGWU,SHEHUIJINGJIHEWENHUAZAODAOCUIHUI,XUDUOPINGMINBAIXINGZAIZHANHUOHELIULANGZHONGSANGSHISHENGMING。


ZUOWEIYIDAITIANJIAO,CHENGJISIHANYOUXUDUOGUORENZHICHU,BIRUBUJUYIGEXINARENCAI,DUIDAISHUXIAJIANGXINBIXIN,KUANHONGDALIANG,YINCIYOUZHEBIE、SUBUTAI、MUHUALIDENGYOUXIUJIANGLINGWEIZHIXIAOLI,MENGLIKE、YELVCHUCAI、QIUCHUJIDENGCAIJUNZHISHIGUIFUXIANCE。TANENGYISHENZUOZE,SHULIDIANFAN,SUOYICAIHUIJIAOYUCHUSHUCHI、CHAHETAI、WOKUOTAI、TUOLEIZHEIYANGDEJICHENGZHE。TANENGQUNENGSHEN,YANGUANGZHANGYUAN,XIONGHUAIDALVE,GUNENGTONGYIMENGGU,SHIMENGGUZUZHENHANSHIJIE。


ZAIWOGUO,CHENGJISIHANXIANGYOUSHENGMING,ZHONGGUORENMINYINXINGJIUCENGYU1989NIANHE1997NIANFAXINGGUOYICHENGJISIHANWEITICAIDEJINIANBI。

日照股票开户  

1989年“中国杰出历史人物(第6组):“成吉思汗”纪念金币

日照股票开户  

1997年“中国传统文化(第2组):成吉思汗”纪念金币

CHENGJISIHANYESHIMENGGUGUOZHICHAOSHANGDECHANGJIANRENWU,CONG1993NIANKAISHI,MENGGUZHICHAOSHANGCHUXIANLECHENGJISIHANHUAXIANG,ZHEIBIAOMINGRENMENDUITADECHONGBAIYANXULE800DUONIAN。

 

1997年蒙古国500图格里克纸币

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